What is Exploitation?
Adult exploitation is when a person, 18 years and over, is being made to do something that makes them feel bad or that they do not want to do so that another person can benefit from it. There are many different types of exploitation:
Human Trafficking includes recruitment, transportation, transfer, hiding or taking people, by using threats and other types of bullying, or by using force or abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to make a person agree to someone else having control over them or another person, to take advantage of them for money or other benefit.
Domestic servitude is a type of labour trafficking and modern day slavery; Victims often work alone and depend on their employer for their work, housing and immigration status. If the employer does not respect their rights, migrant domestic workers have little power to bargain with and can find themselves trapped in this invisible form of slavery. Cases of domestic servitude in the UK include both adults and children, normally migrants.
Victims of domestic servitude perform work within households, and provide services such as cooking, cleaning, child-care, elder care. They commonly work 10 to 16 hours a day for little to no pay.
Forced marriage is when you face physical pressure to marry (for example, threats, physical violence or sexual violence) or emotional and psychological pressure (e.g. if you’re made to feel like you’re bringing shame on your family).
Forcing someone to marry can result in a sentence of up to 7 years in prison and should not be confused with an arranged marriage which is entered into with the agreement of both parties.
Modern slavery involves slavery, forced labour and human trafficking. Victims of modern slavery are used or exploited for someone else’s (usually financial) gain, without respect for their human rights. The perpetrators seeking to take advantage of them could be private individuals, running small businesses or part of a wider organised crime network.
For adult victims, there will be some element of coercion involved, such as threats, use of force, deception, or abuse of power.
- Provides information for professionals about the duty to notify and the National Referral Mechanism form.
- Supporting victims of modern day slavery
Trafficking of Children and Adults through Bedfordshire (Roles and responsibilities of Partner Agencies)
Forcing or coercing a person to perform sexual acts for someone else’s gain, usually for money. Sexually exploited adults can be either migrants, trafficked people or UK nationals.
Azalea – Walking free from sexual exploitation
Telephone 01582 733200, Email firstname.lastname@example.org
Telephone 0800 0282 887
Salvation Army – Luton Supporting victims of modern day slavery
Telephone 0300 3038151, Email email@example.com
See modern slavery for more information